Rakel informed me that only 12-20% of doc’s in Iceland’s archives are by or about women. The subject fit so properly into the theme of my podcast that I decided to do a special episode about women’s history in Iceland. You can hearken to the episode on the participant beneath or on Apple Podcasts, RadioPublic, Stitcher, and wherever else you get your podcasts. When I agreed to write about women’s historical past in Iceland for this blog, I’ll admit I didn’t really know too much concerning the subject. I did my master’s in medieval Icelandic history and literature, and it’s most likely not a big shock to anyone that girls are largely footnotes and supporting characters in medieval historical past. But I did know where to go to get the knowledge I needed. Briet Bjarnhedinsdottir was an advocate for women’s liberation and suffrage within the early 1900s.
Here are five inspiring women working in meals, drink, and agriculture who exemplify that. i didnt learn the page however i looked at the comments, i going to read it now i has a project on iceland i should be doing. Research has now proven that almost two-thirds of Icelandic female mtdna is from Celtic/Gaelic origin.
As in most developed economies, America has equal pay legal guidelines — the primary was signed by President John F. Kennedy in 1963 — yet it ranks forty ninth — behind the likes of Albania, Portugal and Uganda — within the World Economic Forum’s ranking of global gender pay gaps. Iceland, the rugged but progressive island nation between north America and northern Europe, this month turned the first country to pressure employers to show that they’re paying men and women the identical for similar work, or face a fine. Iceland is the first nation to enforce equal pay laws by inserting the burden of proof on employers, not staff. At the same time, the reality of Icelandic women’s lives is extra like that of American women than first meets the eye. Over the previous few years, women have gone public with allegations of sexual abuse, together with in opposition to a former overseas minister and the former bishop of Iceland’s state church. While new laws against gender-primarily based violence have been recently handed, the criminal-justice system has been sluggish to respond, and young women this yr turned a Facebook group on “beauty ideas” into a twenty-5-thousand-member forum for sharing stories of abuse. Despite its egalitarian culture, Iceland has a gender wage hole among the many highest in Europe, leaving feminine-headed households with too few assets.
Iceland Women Are Hopeless Optimists
Concerning assistance for rape victims, the State hospital in Reykjavik and another hospital in the country’s north had centres for rape victims. Too few rape instances have been presented and tried within the courts, she acknowledged. Another delegate mentioned married women or women who cohabitated with companions had the right to 50 per cent possession of their shared land. The Minister of Industry had requested universities to study the problem of gender mainstreaming of funds for agri-enterprise. She acknowledged that the gender imbalance within the utilization of such funds was a problem.
Icelandic students in Denmark started to import ideas of nationalism and romanticism. The Icelandic elite followed the Danes in figuring out with a romantic picture of a wonderful Icelandic previous. As the Danes began to modernize and develop, they set the situations for Icelandic independence. Finally it was circumstances beyond Danish control—when Denmark was occupied by Germany in World War II, adopted by the occupation of Iceland by British and then American troops— that pushed Iceland into independence. Given independence and population progress, along with new sources of outside capital, the government focused on the event of industrial fishing and the infrastructure to help it. The nationalist-oriented ideology stresses identification with medieval tradition and occasions while downplaying slavery and later exploitative relations of the aristocracy and commoners.
Taryn Mccutcheon Indicators With Icelandic Womens Group
Iceland has the world’s highest proportion of ladies in the labour market, vital baby care allocations for working women, and three months’ parental go away for both women and men. Her appointment is one other point on the Global Gender Gap index for a rustic thought to be a champion of gender equality. Petursdottir said the “fable” that Iceland’s report on gender equality makes it a safe haven for women women of iceland is a distraction from the steps needed to fight systematic abuse. Since 1991, Iceland’s Ministry of Welfare has awarded grants to women entrepreneurs with progressive business concepts that can create jobs. Iceland’s dedication to gender equality is totally foundational, and they continue to push even further ahead. ICELAND — On January 1, Iceland passed the world’s first equal pay for equal work regulation.
Strong feminine characters may be found all throughout Old Norse literature – it is likely one of the issues that makes the sagas so pleasurable to learn, and speaks to a tradition in which women were in a position to train some personal agency. Auð and Thorbjorg are wonderful examples of this agency and we are going to concentrate on them as such – the broader topic of ladies in Old Norse society could be a guide-size research . The name of the motion had modified from “Women’s Day Off” to “Women Strike Back.” Instead of a sunny day, the 50,000 who rallied in Reykjavik defied storm warnings and stood in freezing rain. Violence towards women was nonetheless a focus of the protest, however the economic and political panorama had modified. Following a global economic crash, Iceland had gone from one of the world’s wealthiest societies to whole economic collapse in 2008, largely, it was held, because of the excesses of mostly male bankers and politicians. On October 24, 1975, Iceland came to a digital standstill when women took the day without work. They left their typewriters and steno pads, put down their paint brushes, music books, and lecture notes, took off their aprons, left the dishes in the sink.
Meanwhile, women have been capable of work longer hours and enter larger-paying jobs while facing much less discrimination from employers, based on one study of the legislation’s impression. Since 2000, parents have been entitled to 9 months’ shared leavepaid at 80 p.c of their common salaries . Mothers get three months and fathers get three months, and the remaining three months could be shared between the two.
Almost Half Of The Women In The Norwegian Armed Forces Have Experienced Sexual Harassment
I may see that this interconnectedness of previous and present knowledgeable Rakel’s work on the Women’s History Archive as properly. The Archive was began by feminist activists and librarians in 1975, and was housed in the house of considered one of its founders, Anna Sigurðardóttir, until 1996, when it turned a part of the National Library. From the beginning, the Archive had the assist of Iceland’s women’s associations, and at present the relationship between the Archive and women’s teams remains to be a central part of the Archive’s work. Members of parliament in 1924, including Ingibjörg H. Bjarnason, the primary women elected to Icelandic parliament. Photo from the Women’s Day Off on October 24, 1975, when 95% of all Icelandic women walked out of work and residential to protest inequality in wages and job opportunities. Sigríður Tómasdóttir is taken into account Iceland’s first environmental campaigner and instilled a deeply-rooted sense of appreciation for the surroundings in the folks of Iceland by way of her work.
Dinner is on your own tonight in the lodge, or in considered one of Reykjavík’s many restaurants. Feel the fun of driving an ATV through the rugged terrain of the volcanic peninsula. The ATVs are automatic and easy to drive, so no experience is needed, however you need to current your legitimate driver’s license to be allowed to drive the ATV. You’ll ride through rocky mountain paths in direction of the summit of Mt. Hagafell, with 360 degree panoramic views. Two women will go on every ATV, and also you’ll have a chance to change drivers halfway through. An hour and a half using Icelandic horses is sufficient time to fall in love with them before driving to idyllic Gjáin, where glacier-fed waterfalls make an ideal backdrop for pictures! Women who’d like to ride extra could skip the afternoon tour and drop their horses off on the Secret Lagoon where the rest of the group is having fun with their thermal soak after a vigorous day.
Reykjavik is a not big city, go to the bars in the centre and you will meet icelanders of all ages and all sexes. Menstrual and premenstrual experiences of girls in a growing country. In basic, it is impressive to see how social media is making a wave of protest the place women are talking out, repeating #metoo and telling the world that they’ve had sufficient. The “business as usual” element of the “honour restoration instances” mobilised the survivors, their parents, feminists and the general public into a loud protest represented by the hashtag #höfumhátt, which implies “Let’s not be silenced”. Consequently, traditionally and nonetheless right now, the battle of ladies human rights defenders isn’t about good or unhealthy men per se. Instead, it is all about use and abuse of energy and authority, namely changing a system the place a tradition of impunity prevails over a tradition of accountability for violence towards women . Subsequently, in 1983, for the first time in Icelandic history, there was a pointy improve within the number of women in parliament jumping from five to fifteen MPs of a complete of 60 in a single election.
Listening To Sofía Valdés Is Like Daydreaming On The Beach
Nothing would happen with out grassroots activism,” stated Brynhildur Heidar- og Ómarsdóttir, managing director of the Icelandic Women’s Rights Association. The Nordic nation’s progressive attitudes toward women have given it a lot to boast about. It was the primary nation to democratically elect a feminine president, Vigdís Finnbogadóttir, who came to energy in 1980. The current prime minister, Katrín Jakobsdóttir, who was elected in 2017, is the second lady in that place in Iceland’s history. Iceland has also handed a raft of laws aimed at decreasing pay inequality, guaranteeing women are better represented at the highest ranges in enterprise and guaranteeing shared paid parental go away. Doing public history in Iceland is exclusive as a result of the whole nation solely has about 330,000 individuals, making it simpler to establish gaps in information, discover relations, and join with people which will have papers that must be in the archive. Ásta informed me that one of the benefits she brings to the queer women’s history project is that she has a huge network of ladies that she will speak to about current history.
For them, the glass ceiling remains to be as firmly in place as it was in 1975. The Women’s Day Off has also left a mark on feminist movements internationally. Since 1975, the occasion has been repeated 5 times in Iceland, in 1985, 2005, 2010, 2016, and 2018. Even though participation has never been pretty much as good as in 1975, historian of ideas Valgerður Pálmadóttir insists that these reoccurrences have ensured the event’s nationwide and international legacy.
The typesetters returned to set newspapers which have been almost totally dedicated to the ladies’s strike. More than forty p.c of lawmakers in Iceland’s parliament, the Althingi, are women. Last month left-wing leader Katrin Jakobsdottir became prime minister in a coalition authorities — Iceland’s second feminine chief in the final decade.